Download Number (Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics) by Greville G. Corbett PDF

By Greville G. Corbett

Quantity is the main underestimated of the grammatical different types. it really is deceptively easy but differences in quantity (as in cat as opposed to cats ) fluctuate significantly from language to language. a few languages, for example, make extra differences than English, having 3, 4 or perhaps 5 varied values. This ebook attracts on examples from many languages to investigate the chances and divulges that the world's linguistic assets are richer than even many linguists detect. it really is meant for linguistic scholars and lecturers and is a perfect access to linguistic typology.

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The conditions ‘when it matters’ to specify number vary from language to language. 8 16 17 18 Here we could use a real variety of English: Singlish, the English of Singapore, has the forms dog/dogs but uses them as in (11) and (12); see Gil (forthcoming). 4. I am grateful to Nikolaus Himmelmann and Christoph Schroeder (personal communications) for suggestions here. 1 General number Suppose that in a particular language it becomes established that number (plural) is to be marked where appropriate in particular circumstances, for instance, when humans are referred to.

As a curiosity, Larry Trask points out (personal communication) that there is a celebrated fictional example. J. R. R. Tolkien, in The Lord of the Rings invented a number of languages, including the elvish language Quenya. This language distinguishes a global plural from the ordinary plural: el ‘star’, elen ‘stars’, elenath ‘(all) the stars’. 33 Meaning distinctions Mokilese Mokilese is a Micronesian language with around 400 speakers on Mokil Atoll (East Caroline Islands) and up to 1 000 speakers on Ponape.

As a curiosity, Larry Trask points out (personal communication) that there is a celebrated fictional example. J. R. R. Tolkien, in The Lord of the Rings invented a number of languages, including the elvish language Quenya. This language distinguishes a global plural from the ordinary plural: el ‘star’, elen ‘stars’, elenath ‘(all) the stars’. 33 Meaning distinctions Mokilese Mokilese is a Micronesian language with around 400 speakers on Mokil Atoll (East Caroline Islands) and up to 1 000 speakers on Ponape.

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