By John Soars
Книга New Headway Pre-Intermediate Teacher's booklet New Headway Pre-Intermediate Teacher's publication Книги Иностранные языки Автор: Liz and John Soars Год издания: 2004 Формат: pdf Издат.:Oxford college Press Страниц: one hundred sixty Размер: 12.7 Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка: Книга дляпреподавателя для уровня Pre-Intermediate широко известного и супер-популярного курса New Headway.
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Over the last 3 a long time, translation has developed from a career practiced mostly via contributors to a cottage version and eventually to a officially famous business region that's project-based, seriously outsourced and that features a wide variety of providers as well as translation.
For plenty of diversified purposes, audio system borrow phrases from different languages to fill gaps of their personal lexical stock. The prior ten years were characterised via a very good curiosity between phonologists within the factor of the way the nativization of loanwords happens. the final feeling is that loanword nativization presents an immediate window for watching how acoustic cues are classified when it comes to the unique positive aspects appropriate to the L1 phonological process in addition to for learning L1 phonological methods in motion and hence to the genuine synchronic phonology of L1.
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If there is no underlying reason for, or background to, a research question or hypothesis, the reader is being left to work out from whence that question or hypothesis came. A normal reaction might then be, at best, perplexity (the reader is not able to appreciate what led up to such a statement in the ﬁrst place) or, at worst, scepticism (the reader cannot appreciate how variables can ever have been thought to be related in this way). The wary or confused reader may even decide to dismiss the study’s ﬁndings completely because he or she feels that the author has simply “ﬁtted” the data into a post-conceived hypothesis or research question, according to the results found.
For example, the author may feel that their ﬁndings might provide greater insights into the success of a particular methodology and thereby help identify which elements of that methodology may be more successful in that context. Similarly, we might read about an hypothesised signiﬁcant eﬀect on language proﬁciency of a specially-designed languagelaboratory programme. The author might then suggest that such results would support the implementation of the programme on a larger scale in classrooms.
For the reader, learning about areas of knowledge where ﬁndings are unconvincing or in some way incomplete can also help him or her to form their own research agendas based Introduction on current needs in the ﬁeld. Furthermore, the common practice of “evening out” ﬁndings in the literature review will certainly mean that we lose information, and it may mean the possible complexities of a problem are not fully grasped — or communicated to the reader. The literature review should transmit the idea that the author has studied existing work in the ﬁeld with analytical insight, leaving us with a balanced picture, albeit necessarily partial, of the current state of knowledge and of major questions yet to be answered in the relevant subject area.