By Giampiero Giacomello
In recent times, net keep watch over has turn into one of many significant signs to evaluate the stability among freedom and defense in democracies. This e-book explores and compares why, and to what quantity, nationwide governments choose to keep an eye on the net and the way this affects on an important socio-economic actions and basic civil rights. the writer presents particular reports at the US, Germany, Italy and extra case experiences on Brazil, Canada, India, the Netherlands, South Africa and Switzerland, to handle subject matters such nationwide safeguard, freedom of expression and privateness.
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Extra info for National Governments and Control of the Internet: A Digital Challenge (Routledge Research in Information Technology and Society)
While the United States and Germany, along with other ‘‘typical’’ countries such as China, and Singapore, have normally been the topic of investigation in many other Internet studies (Kizza, 1998; Saich, 2001; Chase and Mulvenon, 2002; Kalathil and Boas, 2003; Kurlantzick, 2004), thus far, extremely few comparative studies have been conducted of the Italian situation by Italian or foreign scholars. Chapter 6 seeks to fill that gap by studying Italy, the Internet late-comer case. Unlike the United States, Japan, Canada, Germany, and most other European countries, Italy has rarely enjoyed stable governments and the chapter investigates how a ‘‘weak’’ government tried to spread the Internet in the society.
If the mechanisms identified by Allison and Zelikow were at work during that crisis, which had been a paramount watershed in the history of US national security, presumably they have been working in many other situations. ’’ The key factor in setting the agenda for national security and defense is what political leaders perceive, in a specific moment, to be a threat. ’’ The justification for Internet control based on ‘‘national security’’ conditions has presented civil liberties NGOs, ordinary users, and also private business with considerable complications, since, in many countries, national security cannot even be argued against.
The double-edged sword is reflected, for example, in the words of Barth and Smith (1997: 283), who note how, since its advent, government encryption regulation has been driven by ‘‘two distinct interests’’: a foreign intelligence interest in gathering information implicated in national security and a law enforcement interest in collecting evidence of criminal activity. Szafran (1998: 45) wrote that governments face a real dilemma as two contradictory political objectives are at play. In a networked environment, sophisticated cryptography is a necessity for protecting the privacy of personal information and the secrecy of confidential business or classified national security information.