Download Modals and Conditionals: New and Revised Perspectives by Angelika Kratzer PDF

By Angelika Kratzer

This e-book comprises up-to-date and considerably revised models of Angelika Kratzer's vintage papers on modals and conditionals, together with "What 'must' and 'can' needs to and will mean," "Partition and Revision," "The Notional type of Modality," "Conditionals," "An research of the Lumps of Thought," and "Facts: details or details Units?" The book's contents upload as much as one of the most vital paintings on modals and conditionals particularly and at the semantics-syntax interface extra as a rule. it is going to be of critical curiosity to linguists and philosophers of language of all theoretical persuasions.

Show description

Read Online or Download Modals and Conditionals: New and Revised Perspectives PDF

Best grammar books

The Art of Styling Sentences

Approved writing variety conventions swap very slowly, yet they do swap. that's all of the extra this is because this favourite reference e-book for college students, writers, and educators calls for periodic updating. during this new version, the authors evaluation the basics of right sentence constitution, then current twenty easy sentence styles that surround nearly each potent manner of writing uncomplicated, compound, and intricate sentences.

Fragments: Studies in Ellipsis and Gapping

This quantity includes essays on ellipsis -- the omission of understood phrases from a sentence -- and the heavily similar phenomena of gapping. This quantity offers paintings by way of prime researchers on syntactic, semantic and computational facets of ellipsis. The chapters collect a number of theoretical views and look at a variety of cross-linguistic phenomena related to ellipsis in eastern, Arabic, Hebrew, and in English.

Grammatically Correct: The Essential Guide to Spelling, Style, Usage, Grammar and Punctuation

How does strong writing stand out? If its goal is to show proof, findings, or directions, it want be learn just once for its content material to be transparent. If its function is to entertain or to impress idea, it makes readers are looking to come again for extra. Revised and up-to-date, this consultant covers 4 crucial elements of fine writing: · person words—spelling diversifications, hyphenation, usually harassed homonyms, usually misused phrases and words, abnormal plurals and negatives, and makes use of of capitalization and sort kind so as to add targeted meanings· Punctuation—the position of every mark achieve readability and affecting tone, and demonstration of ways misuses may end up in ambiguity· Syntax and structure—agreement of topic and verb, parallel building, modifiers, tenses, pronouns, lively as opposed to passive voice, and extra · Style—advice at the much less hard-and-fast components of readability and tone, together with sentence size and order, conciseness, simplification, analyzing point, jargon and clich?

Essays on Restrictiveness and Learnability

The articles amassed during this ebook are occupied with the problems of restrictiveness and learnability inside generative grammar, particularly, inside of Chomsky's 'Extended commonplace Theory'. those concerns were significant to syntactic examine for many years and they're much more imperative now as effects on syntactic idea, on learnability, and on acquisition start to converge.

Additional info for Modals and Conditionals: New and Revised Perspectives

Sample text

15 Suppose, for example, that there is a world w that is better than any other world. We would now predict that all propositions containing w are equally good possibilities. W and {w} should be equipossible, then. The old deWnition may still do well in certain cases where the propositions to be compared can be assumed to be mutually disjoint, as is common in moral reasoning. We are assuming disjoint alternatives, for example, when we say that praying and doing good is better than just praying. The new deWnition is not without problems either.

It would then be part of the vagueness of modal expressions that, sometimes, it remains genuinely underdetermined which proposition was expressed (Lewis (1979a) and Pinkal (1977, 1979) have relevant proposals; now also von Fintel and Gillies (forthcoming)). There might also be problems if a sentence contains more than one modal, each requiring a conversational background of its own. To account for this, we would have to split up utterance situations further and consider separate utterances for each modal.

Given the rumor, Roger must have been elected chief. b. Dem Geru¨cht nach, soll Roger zum Ha¨uptling gewa¨hlt The rumor after, modal Roger to-the chief elected worden sein. been be. ’ (8b) merely reports what the rumor says and allows the speaker to distance herself from it. (8a) suggests that the speaker considers the rumor a reliable source of information. This means that for (8a), the rumor is seen as feeding a realistic conversational background representing available evidence, not an informational one representing the content of the rumor.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.42 of 5 – based on 50 votes