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By Stephen W. Schaffer, M. Saadeh Suleiman

This e-book covers the $64000 position that Mitochondria play in metabolic pathways, legislation of cytosolic parts, beginning sign pathways, legislation of apoptosis, and modulating mobile hypertrophy and proliferation.

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Extra resources for Mitochondria: The Dynamic Organelle (Advances in Biochemistry in Health and Disease)

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1954). The acyl-CoA undergoes repeated oxidation via these reactions until only acetyl-CoA units remain. The first step of -oxidation consists of the conversion of acyl-CoA to 2-3-trans-enoyl-CoA in the presence of the FAD, and is catalyzed by acyl-CoA dehydrogenase. Enoyl-CoA hydratase then adds water across the double bond to produce L-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA. 3. Schematic of the reactions of -oxidation for even-chain saturated fatty acids. 40 C. D. L. Folmes and G. D. Lopaschuk with the involvement of NAD+ as a cofactor.

1994a; Stanley and Chandler 2002), with carbohydrates contributing the residual 20% to 40%. While there are many similarities in fatty acid oxidation in various tissues, the regulation of fatty acid oxidation in the heart can differ dramatically from regulation in tissues like liver, skeletal muscle and kidney. This chapter will not attempt to compare these differences, but instead will concentrate on the regulation of fatty acid oxidation specifically in the heart. Although peroxisomal -oxidation also occurs in the heart and may play an important role in providing acetyl-CoA for the production of malonyl-CoA, this chapter will focus on mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation.

Biochem J 237: 927–930 Houstek J, Cannon B, Lindberg O (1975) Glycerol-3-phosphate shuttle and its function in intermediary metabolism of hamster brown-adipose tissue. Eur J Biochem 54: 11–18 Iwata S, Lee JW, Okada K, Lee JK, Iwata M, Rasmussen B, Link TA, Ramaswamy S, Jap BK (1998) Complete structure of the 11-subunit bovine mitochondrial cytochrome bc1 complex. 8 Å resolution of cytochrome c oxidase from Paracoccus denitrificans. Nature 376: 660–669 Jeneson JA, Wiseman RW, Westerhoff HV, Kushmerick MJ (1996) The signal transduction function for oxidative phosphorylation is at least second order in ADP.

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