Download Medieval European Armies 1300-1500 by Terence Wise PDF

By Terence Wise

Nearly continuous war raged in Europe in the course of the interval 1300-1500. those wars have been the furnaces within which a few of the sleek ecu international locations have been solid. Parallel with this emergence of the countries got here the advance of nationwide armies to guard the newly-won borders and independence, but all through this era the previous feudal approach to elevating a military continued. This attention-grabbing research via Terence clever explores the agency, guns and kit of the armies who fought throughout medieval Europe, from the Hundred Years conflict to the struggle opposed to the Moors in Spain and the French invasion of Italy.

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Rationing was organized along similar lines throughout occupied Europe, that is ration stamps were distributed to the populace that entitled consumers to buy specific quantities of foodstuffs from specific traders, bakers and groceries. The quantities of food varied, as well as the timing and the kind of foodstuffs. 29 Denmark introduced one of the most comprehensive and successful rationing and price control schemes because there was a regular supply of the market. It covered all the basic categories of foodstuffs, except meat.

However, sometimes people who lived in the countryside were also hit by food shortages. This was the case for the villages that were singled out and razed to the ground by the occupation forces, as described below, but also for villages in monocultural areas that did not produce food. The vast majority of the farmers in Languedoc, for instance, were occupied in viniculture and the land was largely covered with vineyards. Because of food shortages during the occupation they had to 30 • Polymeris Voglis diversify their cultivation and to add new crops.

The first group of three vessels left Canada for Greece on 7 August 1942. The purpose of the relief aid was to help the starving population in Greece. But the question then arose: who were the people in need? The commission responsible for handling the relief identified the categories of citizens eligible for relief. These were the city dwellers, especially in the area of the capital. The commission wanted to avoid a second famine in Athens, so the capital was prioritized in the distribution of the relief.

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