Download International Perspectives: The Future of Nonhuman Primate by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life PDF

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Institute for Laboratory Animal Research

The way forward for nonhuman primate (NHP) assets is a priority of scientists, veterinarians, and investment gurus. An April 2002 workshop introduced individuals from around the globe to debate quite a few elements of the difficulty comparable to present shortfalls and excesses in NHP breeding and exportation courses, the prestige of breeding and conservation courses the world over, the advance of particular pathogen-free colonies, problems in transporting NHP, and demanding situations within the administration of NHP colonies.

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Additional info for International Perspectives: The Future of Nonhuman Primate Resources, Proceedings of the Workshop Held April 17-19, 2002

Example text

Ecological and behavioral research of rhesus monkeys in Nepal began during the 1970s in Kathmandu Valley at religious spots (Southwick and others 1982). More recently, preliminary data on the population status of these three primate species of Nepal have been published (Chalise and Ghimire 1998). MONKEYS AND MOUNTAIN PEOPLE IN NEPAL The rhesus monkey, found widely in wild and urban areas, is considered a “common” species in Nepal. As a result of decreasing habitat and increasing human population, the rhesus has become a nuisance in the urban areas and is considered an agricultural pest in the mountain regions of Nepal (Chalise 2000, 2001a; Ghimire 2000-2001).

Relative to the availability of NHPs for biomedical research, the main problems are the restrictions imposed by the Committee for the Purpose of Control and Supervision of Experiments on Animals, the government body that supervises animal research. Demographic data and projected mortality rates for NHPs (particularly for rhesus and bonnets in the wild) indicate they can be trapped and used for research without endangering their survival. It should be noted that demographic studies indicate replenishment of breeding population at a rate of 31% for bonnets and 36% for the rhesus monkeys in Southern India.

The main threats to primates are loss of habitat, habitat fragmentation, human-caused mortality, lack of knowledge about population numbers and status on which to base sound management decisions, and lack of management to limit mortality to sustainable levels and to conserve necessary habitat. Almost all primate species in China inhabit forests or areas with forests (especially natural forests). China’s long exploitation history is mostly in forest areas, which were once suitable for agriculture but are now gone forever.

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