By Johanna Richter
How is it attainable to struggle opposed to woman Genital Mutilation (FGM) with out disrespecting conventional values? This examine analyses ‘film’ as a device for Human Rights Educationin Burkina Faso, in particular while it contains idea buildings of the neighborhood groups. right here, the cutting edge process of ciné débat,a specific cinematic awareness-raising procedure is utilized and analysed. hence, this examine describes how a documentary movie approximately FGM in Burkina Faso used to be produced and offered. it really is believed that the severe reconsideration of one’s personal options represents a prerequisite for altering conduct. the purpose is to discover ideas in the conventional context of the rustic, to not dictate or tutor behaviour styles to the locals.
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Additional resources for Human Rights Education Through Ciné Débat: Film as a Tool to Fight Against Female Genital Mutilation in Burkina Faso
Late effects are not necessarily linked with FGM. According to a WHO study from 2006 carried out in six Saharan African countries (Burkina Faso, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, and Sudan), women who have undergone FGM have a 30% higher likelihood of having a caesarean delivery. Moreover, the mortality rate for their children, either before or after the birth, is 55% higher. 60% of their newborns need special care (WHO, 2006: 258-260). 13 The lists of possible harmful effects (immediate physical and psychological problems and long-term complications) below are summaries from published literature including Rahman & Toubia (2000), the WHO Report (1996), Koso-Thomas (1987 and 2004), Gruenbaum (2001) and Berggren, Bergström & Edberg (2006).
2b) Similarly, the Banjul Charter23 alludes to the integrity of all human beings in Article 424; it explicitly calls for the discrimination of women and chil- 23 The Banjul Charter was adopted 25 June 1981 in Nairobi, Kenya; it into force 21 October 1986 and was registered with the United Nations 10 September 1991. ‘Human beings are inviolable. Every human being shall be entitled to respect for his life and the integrity of his person. ’ (African Banjul Charter on Human and Peoples Rights, 1981: Art.
The impact of FGM/C on women and girls compromises the enjoyment of human rights including their right to life, to physical integrity, to the highest attainable standard of health, as well as their right to freedom from physical and mental violence. According to a WHO estimate, between 100 and 140 million girls and women in the world have undergone some form of FGM/C. 2). By damaging the female genital tissue and injuring the female organs for non-medical reasons, FGM interferes with the natural function of girls’ bodies.