Download Hope Now: The 1980 Interviews by Jean-Paul Sartre, Benny Lévy PDF

By Jean-Paul Sartre, Benny Lévy

In March of 1980, only a month prior to Sartre's demise, Le Nouvel Observateur released a sequence of interviews, the final ever given, among the blind and debilitated thinker and his younger assistant, Benny Levy. Readers have been scandalized and denounced the interviews as distorted, inauthentic, even fraudulent. They appeared to painting a Sartre who had deserted his leftist convictions and rejected his such a lot intimate associates, together with Simone de Beauvoir. This guy had forged apart his personal basic ideals within the primacy of person attention, the inevitability of violence, and Marxism, embracing in its place a messianic Judaism. No, Sartre's supporters argued, it was once his interlocutor, the ex-radical, the orthodox, ultra-right-wing activist who had twisted the phrases and regarded an sick Sartre to his personal ends. Or had he?

Shortly earlier than his dying, Sartre proven the authenticity of the interviews and their confusing content material. over the last fifteen years, it has develop into the duty of Sartre students to solve and comprehend them. provided during this clean, meticulous translation, the interviews are framed by means of provocative essays from Benny Levy himself, observed by means of a finished creation from famous Sartre authority Ronald Aronson. putting the interviews in right biographical and philosophical viewpoint, Aronson demonstrates that the concept of either Sartre and Levy finds a number of intentions that taken jointly however verify and upload to Sartre's total philosophy. This soaking up quantity ultimately contextualizes and elucidates the ultimate ideas of a super and influential mind.

Jean-Paul Sartre (1906-1980) was once provided, yet declined, the Nobel Prize for literature in 1964. His many works of fiction, drama, and philosophy contain the enormous examine of Flaubert, The relatives fool, and The Freud situation, either released in translation by way of the college of Chicago Press.

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Extra resources for Hope Now: The 1980 Interviews

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Kant had revealed freedom starting from the im­ perative fact. So does Sartre: freedom d raws from order the power to tear itself away from conti ngency. Compa red with Kant, however, Sartre wants to gain more: he raises the possibility that the i m pera­ tive singularizes itself. " For he could not accept moral law in its universal form. For two reasons : it does not recognize that the subject is singularized under the impact of the imperative; but it ignores the "original con­ tingency" in another sense a s wel l .

Hope Now conta i n s pl enty that is scan­ dalous; but, as Sartre indicated to Gerassi, a sensational aspect of the interviews is far less significant than Sanre's sustai ned concern for an ethical foundation for a continuing revolutionary com m i tment. 62 Nevertheless, we are entitled to ask whether Sa rtre really i n ­ tended t o complete this program. On t h e o n e hand, a socialized pour-soi has been slowly developing in Sanre's wor k ove r the yea rs: the writer who needs the reader to complete his work in What Is LiteratUl·e?

67 But if h e gave the movement his time, name, and money, he also resisted Levy's 1 972 demand, in On a raison de se revolter, that he write a popular novel -"something more useful for the movements of May '68" 68 and insisted , until h i s eyesight failed a year later, on pursuing h i s study of Flauhert. 69 Given this demand and respon se in 1 972 we m i ght be su rprised to find the two interlocutors still together eight yea rs later, i n a re­ lationship that has deepened personally and intellectually.

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