By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Institute for Laboratory Animal Research, Committee on Guidelines for the Humane Transportation of Laboratory Animals
Arranging the transportation of animals at study amenities is frequently a trial. there's a complicated patchwork of neighborhood, nationwide, and foreign rules; a perceived loss of top of the range delivery providers; a dearth of science-based reliable practices; and an absence of biosafety criteria. it is a problem - and an obstacle to biomedical learn. "Guidelines for the Humane Transportation of study Animals" identifies the present difficulties encountered within the transportation of analysis animals and provides techniques aimed toward neighborhood and federal officers to rectify those difficulties. This e-book additionally encompasses a set of excellent practices according to the wide physique of literature on transportation of agricultural animals, common techniques of body structure, and a systematic knowing of species-specific wishes and changes. sturdy practices have been constructed via the committee to deal with thermal surroundings, area specifications, meals and water standards, social interplay, tracking of transportation, emergency methods, body of workers education, and biosecurity. "Guidelines for the Humane Transportation of analysis Animals" is a necessary advisor for all researchers, animal care technicians, amenities managers, directors, and animal care and use committees at learn associations.
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Extra info for Guidelines for the Humane Transportation of Research Animals
The Lacey Act is the oldest federal wildlife protection law in the United States and prohibits inhumane and unhealthful transportation conditions for any animal defined as “wildlife” (see above for definition). 172, which are specific for mammals and birds) are similar to the IATA-LARs. The Lacey Act also applies the guidelines provided in the LARs to nonairline methods of transportation (Kreger and Farris, 2003). CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is a component of the US Department of Health and Human Services and enforces regulations to prevent the introduction, transmission, or spread of communicable diseases in the United States.
As a result of OIE’s activities, many countries temporarily halted importation from the affected areas. Several years after OIE’s founding, its member countries decided to give animal welfare high priority and to include it in their 2001-2005 strategic plan. Although OIE had not been specifically mandated by the WTO SPS to protect animal welfare, the OIE’s status as the international authority on animal health and zoonoses and the member countries’ strong need for guidelines to assist them in conducting bilateral negotiations led the member countries to the conclusion that OIE should provide international leadership in protecting the welfare of imported animals.
Although precise engineering standards are often preferred 33 34 GUIDELINES FOR THE HUMANE TRANSPORTATION OF RESEARCH ANIMALS by human assessors, the scientific literature supports few engineering standards. This report emphasizes science-based performance standards, which define an outcome (such as animal well-being or safety) and provide criteria for assessing that outcome without limiting the methods by which to achieve that outcome (NRC, 1996). The use of performance standards allows researchers and shippers the flexibility to adjust their procedures to optimize animal welfare on the basis of the species being transported, the mode of transportation, and local environmental conditions.