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By D. Gary Miller

This ebook presents the fullest account ever released of the exterior affects on English throughout the first thousand years of its formation. In doing so it makes profound contributions to the historical past of English and of western tradition extra generally.

English is a Germanic language yet altogether diverse from the opposite languages of that relatives. Professor Miller exhibits how and why the Anglo-Saxons started to borrow and adapt phrases from Latin and Greek. He presents specified case reports of the methods during which numerous hundred of them entered English. He additionally considers why a number of centuries later the method of importation was once renewed and speeded up. He describes the consequences of English contacts with the Celts, Vikings, and French, and the ways that those altered the language's morphological and syntactic constitution. He indicates how loanwords from French, for instance, not just elevated the richness of English derivation yet led to a posh festival among local and borrowed suffixes.

Gary Miller combines ancient, cultural, and linguistic views. His scholarly, readable, and continuously attention-grabbing account might be of tolerating price to each person drawn to the heritage of English.

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Michel Lejeune (1985). Vol. ii: Textes gallo-étrusques; Textes gallo-latins sur pierre, ed. Michel Lejeune (1988). Vol. iii: Les calendriers (Coligny, Villards d’Héria), ed. Paul-Marie Duval and Georges Pinault. Roland La Chanson de Roland: Édition critique et traduction, ed. Ian Short. Paris: Librairie Générale Française (1990). RPIEL The Reflexes of the Proto-Indo-European Laryngeals in Latin. By Peter Schrijver. Amsterdam: Rodopi (1991). RR Varro, De re rustica [On Agriculture]: M. Terenti Varronis Rerum Rusticarum libri tres, ed.

Glare. Oxford: Clarendon Press (1982). (Repr. ) ORI [+ runic inscr. number] A Concise Grammar of the Older Runic Inscriptions. By Elmer H. Antonsen. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer (1975). xxx Bibliographical abbreviations PILCR Perspectives on Indo-European Language, Culture and Religion: Studies in honor of Edgar C. Polomé. Journal of Indo-European Studies Monograph Number Seven (1991). PNL Place-Names in the Landscape. By Margaret Gelling. London: J. M. Dent (1984). PParv /Prompt. Parv. Promptorium Parvulorum (ed.

OE mangere ‘trader, dealer’ (MONGER) goes back to L mangō ‘(slave-)dealer’; and from L caupō ‘huckster; wineseller’ come Goth. kaupon ‘to trade, bargain’, OIce kaupa, Germ. kaufen ‘to buy’, and, more directly, E chap(man) ‘traveling peddler’ (cf. Germ. Kaufmann), and even cheap. Note also Copenhagen ‘merchants’ harbor’. Pound (L pondō lit. ‘in/by weight’) was borrowed into Germanic and Celtic alike. Another category of Roman trade was the ounce (OE yntse < Gallo-Roman *ontsya < L uncia ‘ounce’).

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