By James Hughes
Ecu conditionality for club is extensively understood as having been a motive force for Europeanization, delivering incentives and sanctions for compliance or noncompliance with european norms, corresponding to the "Copenhagen standards" and the adoption of the acquis communautaire. by means of taking neighborhood coverage and regionalization as a case research, this e-book presents a comparative research of the results of conditionality at the important and East eu international locations and explores the various paradoxes and weaknesses within the use of european conditionality through the years.
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Additional resources for Europeanization and Regionalization in the EU's Enlargement: The Myth of Conditionality (One Europe Or Several)
The communist model of sub-national governance Though governing systems in the countries of Eastern Europe were characterized by a considerable degree of authoritarian uniformity throughout the communist period, this was in stark contrast to the varied history and evolution of sub-national government arrangements in the region up until 1945. Prior to the communist takeover, there was a diversity of local government systems in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe. In those countries and regions which had been part of the Habsburg empire, such as Hungary, Bohemia and Moravia (the Czech lands), and Galicia, a relatively strong system of local selfgovernment had been established.
2 Communist Legacies and Regionalization Studies of transition generally focus more on the immediate events and processes and less on the historical background which shapes it. 1 The term ‘historical legacy’ and the issue of ‘usability’ are, however, not systematically researched in the study of transition. 2 Moreover, it is also important to take into account not only whether a ‘usable past’ is present in a particular case but also whether the elites that drive the transition process are willing to draw on it.
Since the 1970s, states in Western Europe have undergone major reforms of regional and local government that have reduced the number of territorial authorities, in many cases endowing them with new competences and in some cases devolving new powers. This process was partly driven by strategies for modernizing service provision and, from the early 1980s, by ‘New Right’ ideology that favoured ‘shrinking the state’ through privatization and the use of private sector agencies to deliver public goods at the local level.