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By Aristotle

L'Éthique à Nicomaque n'est pas seulement l'une des oeuvres les plus célèbres d'Aristote, l'une de celles qui témoignent le mieux aujourd'hui de sa philosophie. C'est aussi, plus généralement, un des grands textes de l'histoire de los angeles pensée. Quelle est l'activité qui, en dernière example, donne sens à los angeles vie humaine ? Telle est l'interrogation qu'Aristote start par soulever, sachant que l'être humain est un être rationnel, vulnerable d'élaborer de multiples projets. On ne peut lire - ou relire - l'Éthique à Nicomaque sans éprouver combien l. a. réponse à cette query entraîne le philosophe à l. a. découverte de l'homme lui-même, en qui, selon Aristote, s'unissent mystérieusement l. a. bête et le dieu. Cette nouvelle traduction dégage clairement l. a. constitution et l'articulation du texte d'Aristote. Elle s'accompagne d'un appareil de notes fourni qui tient compte des analyses et des interrogations principales dont le texte a récemment fait l'objet

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3 Unravelling erroneous associations part 2: biology and politics Another example of an attempt to find that female intellectual inferiority has a biological basis in Aristotle is Judith Green’s article in which she decides that the bodily temperature of an animal creates intellect (nous) through movement (1992, 84–5). Thus, the hotter man is able to develop nous, whereas the cooler woman is not. This theory does not appear in any form in Aristotle and seems to be, in fact, Green’s own creation.

Lang (1998) 18. This sort of interpretation is most apparent in older commentaries such as those of Peck in Aristotle (1942) and Platt (Aristotle 1912) and is also evident in the work of Cooper (1988) and Boys-Stones (2007). The details of these interpretations will be discussed in due course. The importance of mentioning the traditional reaction to differing descriptions of the female role lies in the fact that many non-specialist scholars, including feminists, take these commentaries as their source for Aristotelian doctrine and are thus less well informed about the more positive features of the female role in the GA, which 14 Methodology in the study of Aristotle on female animals Feminist scholars often imbibe second-hand scholarship coming from this interpretative tradition.

Hence each of these regions of the body gets formed simultaneously with the corresponding secretions and ability, just as the ability to see does not get perfected without eyes, nor the eye without the ability to see (GA 766a3–9). g. gestate in utero, GA 738b36–739a2, 764a16–20). Although the female condition is sometimes described in terms of its inability, Aristotle never calls it a ‘privation’ (sterêsis) of humanness or even maleness. Thus, the sexes are not only or even primarily opposed for him as positive and privative.

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