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This quantity includes essays on ellipsis -- the omission of understood phrases from a sentence -- and the heavily comparable phenomena of gapping. This quantity offers paintings via major researchers on syntactic, semantic and computational points of ellipsis. The chapters assemble numerous theoretical views and consider quite a number cross-linguistic phenomena concerning ellipsis in eastern, Arabic, Hebrew, and in English.
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Additional info for English Grammar Tests. Part II. Syntax (Англійська мова: Тести з граматики. Частина ІІ. Синтаксис)
PL over posvajdeib-uom pa vys-u Latgo/-u? SG 'Shouldn't we demonstrate and smash windows at our local governments all koliaidz pasceiskis, kur bejs. SG Some linguists hold that the use of the debitive is not characteristic for Latgalian but is due to influence from Latvian (Cibu[s & Leikuma 2003: 83). 2) are more frequent for the expression of necessive modality than the debitive. However, the debitive is not rare in such texts, and it is surely not a recent innovation. ' (Ko) In modern texts the oblique is also used to mark reported speech, but it is not frequent.
There are several largely synonymous connectors, construction contains a notion of emphasis. It is often found with more than two coordinants, and for the last coordinant another connective may be used. SG 'They lived happily, they had food as well as clothes' (Ko) distributed according to regional and individual preferences: 'and' i, un, da, da i 'but' 'or' a, bet, da, no voi, ci; aba (in older texts) In traditional texts we find two further means for the coordination of words and phrases: juxtaposition and the use of the preposition ar ' with'.
Direct objects are marked accusative or genitive. 6). Other core arguments found with verbs with a nominative subject are noun phrases in the dative, noun phrases in the locative, prepositional phrases, infinitival and finite complement · clauses. The least marked word-order in transitive clauses is SVO. The choice between accusative and genitive for direct objects depends on a variety of factors and needs further investigation. Here, only some general observations will be made and typical examples will be given.