Download Education and Psychology: Plato, Piaget and Scientific by Kieran Egan PDF

By Kieran Egan

Psychology of schooling has lengthy held a spot within the curriculum for education academics yet what implications can mental idea legitimately have for tutorial perform? during this e-book the writer makes a right away assault at the present position of psychology in schooling, displaying very important transformations among psychologists’ and educators’ pursuits in issues corresponding to studying, motivation and improvement, and wondering the validity of a lot of Piaget’s so much primary rules. He compares developmental theories that superficially have a lot in universal – Plato’s and Piaget’s – and specializes in their implications for studying within the lecture room. He exhibits why Plato’s concept (whether or no longer we consider it) serves as a version of an invaluable academic thought and why Piaget’s conception has no implications for schooling. He reaches the belief that mental theories and study in response to them are beside the point to academic perform.

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I. 502). To introduce us to his model of the developmental process he tells us to draw a line and to divide it into unequal parts. ) The smaller left-hand side is to represent the world of objects, the concrete, sensuous world, and the right-hand side is to represent the world of thought. the abstract, intelligible world. He tells us then to subdivide the two parts in similar proportions as the over-all division. The left-hand side of each subdivision is to represent a more superficial understanding than the right-hand side.

In the Republic, Plato's elder brothers, Glancon and Adeimantus, appear as participants in discussions with Socrates. By the time he was a young man it seems that Plato had become largely persuaded of the rightness of Socrates' general teachings. In the Apology, Plato mentions himself as present at Socrates' trial and among those who tried to persuade Socrates to pay a conciliatory fine-the money for which Plato offered to provide. Socrates did not, however, lessen 25 26 Education and Psychology the interest in politics which Plato's family life had stimulatedrather, he redirected it.

During this stage, too, the student will come to see how the primitive knowledge of computation, geometry, astronomy, and so on, learned during previous stages comes together in the connections perceived at the level of underlying abstract principles. 537). That is, a vision of unified science develops from growing familiarity with the underlying principles of each area of study. This development of abstracting and reasoning power Plato sees as having what we might call considerable transferability.

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