By Tony Bertram, Chris Pascal
This document presents an summary of coverage innovations on early formative years schooling settings (from delivery to basic education) in 8 nations. info have been amassed utilizing a coverage questionnaire addressed to and accomplished by way of the nationwide learn Coordinator(s) (NRC) of Chile, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Italy, Poland, the Russian Federation and the us. The international locations that participated offer attention-grabbing illustrations of early youth schooling coverage in motion in more than a few different contexts. research of the systemic and structural result of ECE coverage at nationwide and, the place useful, subnational degrees, permits transnational comparisons in coverage and structures. Key coverage alterations, either underway and deliberate, are documented. those information exhibit key findings in all the 5 coverage components as lined within the questionnaire and this document: public coverage; supply types and prone; participation and enrollment; caliber coverage platforms; and expectancies for baby results. particularly, the research goals to supply significant details for nations, states and jurisdictions internationally relating to early youth schooling, mapping the structures, constructions and consumer pathways in position, besides the perceptions of stakeholders in regards to the approach, its functioning and impression. This complete evaluate of the broader coverage contexts and settings for early early life schooling comprises teacher/practitioner skills, pedagogy techniques, and possibilities for pro improvement. Such info will let international locations to study their early formative years schooling structures in a world context.
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Extra info for Early Childhood Policies and Systems in Eight Countries: Findings from IEA's Early Childhood Education Study
Four countries do have statutory entitlement to ECED services for children under three years offering universal entitlement of up to 25 hours a week (Chile, Denmark [25+ hours], Estonia and the Russian Federation), with two offering targeted entitlement to certain populations of up to 25 hours a week (Chile and the Russian Federation). In Chile, from 2014, all children from two years of age are entitled to free access to ECE for 22 hours a week and vulnerable children are entitled to free access for 40 hours a week; those with working mothers have increased entitlement to 55 hours a week from birth.
G. child illness, health needs, special needs and disabled children, school meetings (the Czech Republic, Denmark, Italy, Poland, and the Russian Federation), and the right for working mothers to regular work breaks for breastfeeding or feeding young children (Chile, Italy, and Poland). More detail on parental leave entitlements is provided in Chapter 4. Final Remarks When reflecting on the information presented in the rest of this report it should be noted that, as the United States is a federal system, and ECE may be a federal, state or local level responsibility, there is a wide local variation in the ECE systems and structures.
For some the main aim may be ensuring school readiness and supporting children’s general well-being, healthy socio-emotional development and their sense of citizenship. For others it may be to allow parents to access the labor market, or to support gender equality more widely, or to reinforce cultural values and community cohesiveness, or to ensure less advantaged children have a better start to their lives. These differing goals mean that the early childhood system may be focused on achieving different outcomes for children.