By Mohammed Saad
This research in expertise move makes use of company-specific examples to complement an exploration of the advanced and dynamic concerns concerned. targeting the adventure of businesses in Algeria, it describes expertise move as greater than the hand-over of recent expertise undefined.
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Additional info for Development through Technology Transfer: Creating New Cultural Understanding
However, acquiring the capacity to apply, control and adapt the technology is a different issue and constitutes perhaps the key to the transfer process. If the technology embodied in the imported good is not captured by the recipient or user, technology transfer will never happen. The debate on the meaning, objectives and mechanisms of transfer is also far from being settled. 1. The first consists of the transfer of materials, final products, components, equipment, and even turnkey and/or product-in-hand plants.
The findings of this project strongly confirm the hypothesis of Langrish et al (1972), Carter and Williams (1957) and other works in the field, that the use of marketing and the identification of user needs clearly influence the success or failure of innovation. In line with these studies, the SAPPHO project also suggests that success in innovative activity requires competence, experience and effective communication. Failure on the other hand was caused by the ignorance of user requirements and the lack of market research.
As suggested by Bessant (1990), implementation is a continuous problem-solving process with a long time- scale and many dimensions. The importance of on-going change featuring implementation is also highlighted by Leonard-Barton (1988) who depicts this stage as a dynamic process of mutual adaptation, between the innovation and its environment. Effective implementation is also significantly associated with the implementation ‘champion’, incremental stepwise installation, workforce engagement, relations to technology vendors, training and cross-functional implementation teams (Leonard-Barton, 1991; Winch and Voss, 1991).