Download Current Morphology (Linguistic Theory Guides) by Andrew Carstairs-McCarthy PDF

By Andrew Carstairs-McCarthy

This ebook goals to supply a radical and wide-ranging creation to ways to morphology in linguistic conception during the last two decades. This accomplished survey concentrates not just at the generative linguistic mainstream, yet on methods which are much less stylish or quite unknown to English-speaking linguists, and highlights fresh ecu, relatively German-speaking study.

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More importantly, this kind of separation also has implications for the productivity issue. An example of a Jackendovian redundancy rule which refers to shape alone is the rule which relates to one another Morphology and the lexicon 37 verbs with the Latinate stems -mit, -fer, -cede, etc. and prefixes de-, con-, per-, etc. (1975:653–4). This rule will have a PR,W somewhere above zero, because there are numerous gaps among words of this pattern, such as *demit, *percede, *transtend. But the possibility nevertheless exists within Jackendoff’s framework of a redundancy rule which says nothing about meaning but which has a PR,W at or close to zero.

Which approach is preferable? VI Idioms. Items larger than words whose meaning is unpredictable share some obvious features with words whose meanings are different from what their constituent morphemes would lead us to expect. Should the lexicon treat these two classes of item in the same way? VII Morphology and syntax. Much of Chomsky’s argument against the transformationalist treatment of derived nominals hinged on difficulties which these nominals would pose for current syntactic theory if they were created by means of a nominalisation transformation.

G. g. °arrivation, °committance, °institutionalisationalisation). Corbin’s claim that nonexistent words of the second type are available for lexical insertion implies that one may occasionally find oneself using a form such as °abolishment or °adaption even if the appropriate ‘correct’ forms from one’s conventional lexicon are abolition and adaptation. 32 Current Morphology Corbin’s conventional component and selecter look at first sight very much like Halle’s (1973) dictionary and filter respectively; and indeed, so far as the question of what is listed is concerned, her position is close to Halle’s.

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