By Rick Stapenhurst
After years of being taken care of as a taboo topic, the difficulty of corruption has began to draw critical recognition from the help donor group. Corruption is, in its easiest phrases, the abuse of energy frequently for private achieve or for the good thing about a gaggle to which one owes allegiance. This publication achieves a stability among a theoretical and a realistic dialogue of corruption and its motives and treatments. It explores the interplay among corruption and financial functionality. whereas the industrial expenditures of corruption are tricky to degree, a few reports recommend that its expenditures would come with: • an extra 3-10 percentage raise for the cost of a given transaction to hurry up the supply of a central authority provider. • Inflated costs for items by means of up to 15-20 percentage. • Diverted tax sales that may expense the govt. up to 50 percentage of its tax sales. This quantity specializes in the next: • classes discovered with examples of excellent perform (Hong Kong and Singapore). • the commercial and institutional techniques to anti-corruption efforts, with specific consciousness to the position of the general public zone and civil society, together with the media. • Case stories on Uganda, Tanzania, and Sierra Leone. classes discovered point out that a good anticorruption approach will be multifaceted, combining monetary reforms, and strengthening nationwide integrity associations. And political dedication will be key to maintaining this attempt.
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Additional resources for Curbing Corruption: Toward a Model for Building National Integrity (Edi Development Studies)
Anticorruption Strategies: Starting Afresh? Unconventional Lessons from Comparative Analysis Daniel Kaufmann 35 3. The Experience of Hong Kong, China, in Combating Corruption B. E. D. de Speville 51 Page iv 4. The Experience of Singapore in Combating Corruption Tan Ah Leak 59 5. In Pursuit of Public Accountability in Bolivia Antonio Sanchez de Lozada 67 Part II Toward an Anticorruption Strategy 6. Economic Reforms: Necessary but Not Sufficient to Curb Corruption? Daniel Kaufmann 89 7. Elements of a Successful Anticorruption Strategy Jeremy Pope 97 8.
If networks are sufficiently organized and coordinated, corrupt bureaucrats can respond by covering up their dealings more effectively. Whatever the model of oversight, political initiatives against bureaucratic corruption will depend on the balance of power between the two realms, and in this competition bureaucrats possess significant resources. For example, political leaders may well tolerate considerable bureaucratic corruption if they share in its spoils or if their own political position is weak or compromised.
Kisubi Consultant; former Senior Advisor to the Ministry of Public Service, Uganda Sahr J. Kpundeh Consultant, Economic Development Institute, The World Bank Petter Langseth Senior Public Sector Management Specialist, Regulatory Reform and Private Sector Development Division, Economic Development Institute, The World Bank Tan Ah Leak Deputy Director, Corrupt Practices Investigation Bureau, Singapore Page x Alex Muganda High Commissioner for Tanzania to Zimbabwe; former Secretary to the Presidential Commission against Corruption, Tanzania Jeremy Pope Director of Research and former Executive Director, Transparency International, Berlin Augustine Ruzindana Chair, Public Accounts Committee, Ugandan Parliament; former Inspector General, Uganda Shahrzad Sedigh Consultant, Economic Development Institute, The World Bank Antonio Sanchez Senator and former Minister of Finance and Comptroller General, Republic of Bolivia Rick Stapenhurst Public Sector Management Specialist, Private Sector Development and Regulatory Reform Division, Economic Development Institute, The World Bank Page 1 Introduction: An Overview of the Costs of Corruption and Strategies to Deal with It Rick Stapenhurst and Shahrzad Sedigh Corruption is, in its simplest terms, the abuse of power, most often for personal gain or for the benefit of a group to which one owes allegiance.