Download Codes and Consequences: Choosing Linguistic Varieties by Carol Myers-Scotton PDF

By Carol Myers-Scotton

Carol Myers-Scotton has edited a set of essays that covers the alternative of 1 type of English over one other in every thing from Bible translations to "surprise in poetry" to supervisor-worker interactions at the motor vehicle meeting line. an enormous topic constructed to various levels in those papers is the proposal that audio system and writers, as rational actors, make the most the unmarked-marked competition concerning viewers expectancies with a view to exhibit messages of intentionality charged with social or mental import.

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Sage Publications. Giles, Howard, and Nikolas Coupland. 1991. Language: contexts and consequences. : Brooks Cole. Giles, Howard, Nikolas Coupland, and Justine Coupland. 1991. Accommodation theory: communication, context, and consequences. In Contexts of accommodation: developments in applied linguistics, ed. Howard Giles, Nikolas Coupland, and Justine Coupland, 1-68. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Giles, Howard, and John M. Wiemann. 1987. Language, social comparison and power. In Handbook of communication science, ed.

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Clark, Herbert H. 1996. Using language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Damasio, Antonio. 1994. Descartes's error: emotion, reason, and the human brain. New York: Grosset/Putnam. 1996. The somatic marker hypothesis and the possible functions of the prefrontal cortex. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. London B 351. 1313-1420. Drew, Paul, and John Heritage. 1992. Analyzing talk at work: an introduction. In The Markedness Model 37 Talk at work, ed.

That is, a second reason for not making a marked choice which might optimize the outcome, which would negotiate a desired RO set, is that the speaker's subjective and objective evaluations of the probability of success tell the speaker that chances of success are low. That is, making a marked choice might not be following the stricture of rationality to base decisions on available evidence. Further, it is often simply safer to make the unmarked choice. , risk aversion is stronger than the profit motive).

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