By John H. Walton
This designated booklet surveys in the a number of literary genres the parallels among the Bible and the literature of the traditional close to East. each one part starts with a survey of the on hand historical literature, keeps with a dialogue of the literature, and concludes with a dialogue of circumstances of alleged borrowing. The genres coated are - cosmology - legislation - old literature - knowledge literature - apocalyptic literature - own information and epics - covenants and treaties - hymns, prayers, and incantations - prophetic literature
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Additional info for Ancient Israelite Literature in Its Cultural Context: A Survey of Parallels Between Biblical and Ancient Near Eastern Texts
J . Finkelstein asserts, "There can be little doubt that the noise of mankind which disturbs Enlil's repose is only the metaphoric or mythological guise for what is clearly meant to be the wicked behavior of m a n . " As Finkelstein goes on to suggest, this use of "noise" is not foreign to the Bible, for it is the "outcry" of Sodom that reaches YHWH (Gen. 18:21). In this case, then, while Israelite and Mesopotamian literature both mention a cause related to human behavior, both speak in similar vague or general terms.
The primary information comes from the Hermopolitan cosmog o n y . The pertinent section features the creator-god Neb-er-Djer making the following statement: "Now after the creation of Shu and Tefenet I gathered together my limbs. I shed tears upon them. Mankind arose from the tears which came forth from my e y e . " The connection between tears and the creation of humanity is to be found in the Egyptian preoccupation with wordplay. Since the words for tear (remeyet) and for man (romet) are similar, it was thought that there must be some kind of connection between them.
K. Simpson (New Haven, 1973), 142ff. See also Hans Goedicke, The Report of Wenamun (Baltimore, 1975). Content Wenamun was an official of the temple of Amun. This is his first-person account of a trip to Byblos for the purpose of purchasing lumber. Most of the piece reports the negotiations between Wenamun and the king of Byblos. Much insight can be gained from this concerning the extent of Egypt's decline during this period of history. This work is not an epic, but a report. I include it here, again, for some of its similarity, in vague ways, to the patriarchal narratives.