By Vladimir Pacheco Cueva
This booklet seeks to complement the transforming into literature on mine legacies through reading a case learn of a small deserted mine in Latin the US. utilizing a mix of speedy Rural Appraisal and secondary resource research, this examine assessed the most destructive legacies of the San Sebastian mine in japanese El Salvador, in comparison the country’s mine closure laws opposed to world’s most sensible perform criteria and supplied ideas for information, prevention and remediation.
The so much harmful legacy to the surroundings is that of Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) illness of the neighborhood river. The impression of AMD is felt well past the mining district and the prices of prevention and remediation have been came across to be major. except environmental legacies, the mine additionally left a couple of socio-economic legacies together with: constrained entry to non-polluted water that ends up in San Sebastian citizens devoting a excessive percentage in their source of revenue in acquiring water, misplaced possibilities as a result cessation of mining, doubtful land tenure state of affairs and lengthening progress of ASGM actions that exacerbate already present environmental toxins as a result of use of mercury. The learn additionally chanced on that the state’s skill to make sure compliance with the legislation is particularly susceptible and that during many very important respects the country’s present felony framework doesn't meet world’s most sensible perform by way of mine closure requirements.
The findings are very important simply because they show that the shortcoming of closure making plans may end up in inner most operators socializing the prices of pollutants. The examine additionally exhibits that the inability of kingdom skill can result in extractive initiatives turning into socio-economic liabilities within the lengthy term.
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Additional info for An Assessment of Mine Legacies and How to Prevent Them: A Case Study from Latin America
However, none Unfortunately during the course of the current study it was not possible to ﬁnd any publication or report showing the contribution of heavy metals derived from pesticides used in the district. 4 Given this situation, and in order to assess the socio-economic legacies of the mine, two questions had to be answered: • AMD adversely affects ground and surface water but how does it affect people living in the surrounding community? • How has the community been economically impacted since CGC abandoned the mine?
21 The total number of shareholders is not clear and varies according to source. In the interviews some ex-workers declared that the Minsanse started with 90 workers, each owning 4 shares and the (then) owner of the mine keeping 90 shares. Other interviewees stated that there were 138 shareholders based on the fact that at one point in time the company employed that number of people in the mine. In 2004 CGC said that there were “around 200 unrelated shareholders” (SEC 2004). In all likelihood, if all workers in Minsanse were allocated shares that they could keep, the number of shareholders increased over time, even if the same number of workers were no longer employed at the company.
The relationship between güiriseros and CGC has not been made clear in the literature and maybe relates to Minsanse being worker owned and holder of a mining license. This status allowed those Minsanse small shareholders who could not ﬁnd formal employment with CGC to try their own luck in marginal sites of the mine and thus become “legal” güiriseros. While GCG operated the mine, the number of güiriseros was kept to a minimum but this changed after the company abandoned the mine. Their growth in the last few years is the direct result of unplanned mine closure and this has led to a number of environmental and socio-economic legacies.