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By Philoponus

Philoponus' treatise opposed to Aristotle at the Eternity of the realm, an assault on Aristotle's astronomy and theology is worried quite often with the eternity and divinity of the 5th point, or 'quintessence', of which Aristotle took the celebs to be composed. Pagans and Christians have been divided on no matter if the area had a starting, and on even if a trust that the heavens have been divine used to be a mark of faith. Philoponus claimed on behalf of Christianity that the universe used to be now not everlasting. His such a lot brilliant arguments, the place wrung paradox out of the pagan trust in an enormous previous, were wrongly credited by way of historians of technological know-how to a interval seven hundred years later.
The treatise was once to steer Islamic, Jewish, Byzantine and Latin inspiration, notwithstanding the 5th point was once defended opposed to Philoponus even past the time of Copernicus. The impression of the treatise used to be difficult to track prior to the fragments have been assembled. Dr. Wildberg has introduced them jointly for the 1st time and supplied a precis which makes coherent feel of the entire. He has additionally studied a Syriac fragment, which unearths that the treatise initially contained an explicitly theological part at the Christian expectation of a brand new heaven and a brand new earth.

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Book I 49 circular motion, which is the celestial , belongs to fire not supernaturally, but naturally. 20 13* Simpl. 13 But the reason is that thinks to infer from this that, even if the heavens move with a circular and simple movement, nothing prevents them - since they are of the same nature as the below the moon - from being perishable like them. 14 Simpl. in de Caelo 36,9-18: Since he has argued a lot against 10 Alexander , who showed that the movement of the firesphere is not simple but composite, a few of these ought to be put to the test.

17 214 fol. 72vb-73ra. 46. See W. Wright, Catalogue of Syriac Manuscripts in the British Museum acquired since the year 1838 (London 1871), 915-17. 1 have argued this elsewhere: see C. ), Philoponus and the Rejection of Aristotelian Science. 1. Because of this arrangement, Simplicius was able to integrate Philoponus' criticism into his running commentaries on Aristotle. 48 The proposed division of the collection of fragments is based on the following evidence. Simplicius says, in a prologue to his discussion of Philoponus' criticism of Aristotle's arguments for the eternity of motion and time, in Phys.

This may be taken as a reference to the line of argument of which fr. 54 The fourth and last section on Philoponus in Simplicius' de Caelo commentary discusses the fifth book of the contra Aristotelem. 4. 56 51. My own reconstruction of the fragments of the first book of the contra Aristotelem agrees largely with the one proposed by E. Evrard, Philopon, Contre Aristote, livre I. M6moire de licence, University de Liege (unpublished typescript). 52. in Gael. 75,16f. (fr. 11/47); 78,12f. (fr. 11/49); 80,28 (fr.

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