By Chen Ru;Zhang Qiwang
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Extra resources for Advanced Spoken Chinese: v. 1
Gonga = Kefoid; Gimojan = Gimira (Benchnon), Macro-Ometo, and Janjero (Yemsa). In contrast, Bender (2000; 2003) classified Dizoid as South Omotic together with Dime and the Aroid languages. A main reason for this shift lies in the forms of the pronouns. Thus, Majoid is dissimilar from North Omotic, and at the same time its similarity to South Omotic languages is limited, so that Majoid was only recently associated with the South Omotic branch. Hayward (2009: 92) remarks on Majoid that ‘this group stands somewhere midway between Aroid and the TN languages 3 .
People in Sheko town can tell a few words which are different in the Guraferda and Tepi variant (the item ‘four’ is popular: kūbm̄ in Sheko vs. kīrkū in Tepi and Guraferda). Generally, the people in Sheko do not know in what other respects the Guraferda variant is different, but they do not readily understand the dialect since most Shekos have hardly any contact with people from Guraferda. ” People from Guraferda identify themselves and the language they speak as Sheko. They usually understand speakers from Sheko town better than vice versa.
The tone of most morphemes in (73) is predictable from the preceding tone. g. g. for DS, COND). After nouns, the definiteness marker has tone 1 if the noun is monosyllabic and otherwise it has the same tone as the terminal vowel would have. However, the tone on the minimal pairs n̩ ‘I’ vs. ń ‘we’ cannot be explained by tone rules. Also, the tone of the terminal vowel is unpredictable, see (76) below. 4 A bilabial syllabic nasal? As has been discussed in the previous section, syllabic nasals are phonemic, at least the alveolar syllabic nasal.