By Jan Wohlgemuth
The current paintings is the 1st in-depth cross-linguistic research on mortgage verbs and the morphological, syntactic and sociolinguistic points of mortgage verb lodging, investigating claims that verbs mostly are more challenging to borrow than different components of speech, or that verbs couldn't be borrowed as verbs and wanted a re-verbalization within the borrowing language.
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Extra resources for A Typology of Verbal Borrowings (Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs)
E. degree or intensity of contact) and degree of borrowing, for which Thomason and Kaufman (1988: 74–76) provide a five-point scale that is summarized in fig. 8 on page 257 and discussed there. As stated above, the issue of contact intensity as a parameter influencing (verb) borrowability goes at least back to Paul (1920). g. in sec. 2 and especially in sec. 2, where it will be evaluated in the light of the present study’s findings. 7 Breu (1991) Although intended as a classification of phonetic adaptation strategies, Breu’s (1991) paper goes beyond phonetics and phonology.
2. Due to which factors do languages apparently borrow more nouns than verbs? 3. Can verbs be borrowed as verbs or must they (always) be “re-verbalized” in the borrowing language? 4. By which mechanisms and paths are verbs being borrowed and, if necessary, adapted? 5. Is the choice of these mechanisms dependent on linguistic and/or extralinguistic factors in the donor and/or the recipient languages? Topic and Objective 5 6. Which factors are these and what effects do they have in individual languages as well as cross-linguistically?
Among other sources, it nevertheless also draws upon the data collected by Loanword Typology Project participants, especially the Loanword Typology Database (henceforth: LWTDB). Thus, this study is also a complement to the Loanword Typology Project, inasmuch as it contributes to the comparative study of loanwords, specifically on the question of word-class-dependent borrowability and the specific problems of accommodating borrowed verbs into different recipient languages’ grammatical systems. 4 Other typological research on borrowing Led by Yaron Matras and Jeanette Sakel, the Manchester-based project “Language Convergence and Linguistic Areas” has been a complementary “sister” project to the Loanword Typology Project.