Download A Grammar of Guìqióng: A Language of Sichuan by Jiang Li PDF

By Jiang Li

In A Grammar of Guiqiong, Jiang Li describes the grammar of Guiqiong, a hitherto undocumented language spoken by means of alpine humans in Kangding county, China. Guiqiong has much to supply in its phonology, verbal and nominal morphology, syntax and thesaurus, distinguishing itself from the neighbouring Tibetan, chinese language, Qiangic and Loloish languages. The newly chanced on positive factors of Guiqiong comprise breathy vs. modal voice, indefinite quantity, ablative, ergative, instrumental, dative and genitive case markers, subject and emphatic markers, the diminutive suffixes, the pronominal and deictic structures, demonstratives and numerals, a wealthy shop of differentiated copular verbs expressing equationality, inchoative, animacy vs. inanimacy, based lifestyles and negation, verbal affixes indicating instructions, current demanding of skilled perceptions, gnomic annoying, perfective vs. imperfective point, modality and evidentiality.

Show description

Read Online or Download A Grammar of Guìqióng: A Language of Sichuan PDF

Similar grammar books

The Art of Styling Sentences

Permitted writing sort conventions switch very slowly, yet they do switch. that's all of the extra it is because this favourite reference e-book for college kids, writers, and educators calls for periodic updating. during this new version, the authors assessment the basics of right sentence constitution, then current twenty uncomplicated sentence styles that surround nearly each potent method of writing basic, compound, and intricate sentences.

Fragments: Studies in Ellipsis and Gapping

This quantity includes essays on ellipsis -- the omission of understood phrases from a sentence -- and the heavily comparable phenomena of gapping. This quantity provides paintings by means of best researchers on syntactic, semantic and computational facets of ellipsis. The chapters assemble various theoretical views and view a variety of cross-linguistic phenomena concerning ellipsis in eastern, Arabic, Hebrew, and in English.

Grammatically Correct: The Essential Guide to Spelling, Style, Usage, Grammar and Punctuation

How does stable writing stand out? If its function is to show evidence, findings, or directions, it want be learn just once for its content material to be transparent. If its function is to entertain or to impress concept, it makes readers are looking to get back for extra. Revised and up to date, this consultant covers 4 crucial points of fine writing: · person words—spelling diversifications, hyphenation, often careworn homonyms, usually misused phrases and words, abnormal plurals and negatives, and makes use of of capitalization and sort sort so as to add specific meanings· Punctuation—the function of every mark in attaining readability and affecting tone, and demonstration of ways misuses can result in ambiguity· Syntax and structure—agreement of topic and verb, parallel building, modifiers, tenses, pronouns, energetic as opposed to passive voice, and extra · Style—advice at the much less hard-and-fast parts of readability and tone, together with sentence size and order, conciseness, simplification, examining point, jargon and clich?

Essays on Restrictiveness and Learnability

The articles accumulated during this booklet are fascinated with the problems of restrictiveness and learnability inside generative grammar, particularly, inside Chomsky's 'Extended average Theory'. those matters were vital to syntactic learn for many years and they're much more valuable now as effects on syntactic concept, on learnability, and on acquisition start to converge.

Extra resources for A Grammar of Guìqióng: A Language of Sichuan

Sample text

Ni ‘from’. ’ni gold mə’nɐ vegetable oil ’nɐ’i tomorrow ɛ’niɛn’niɛn cicada niɐnlo pupil of the eye ni’wu the younger, the smaller nɐ’wuŋ muntjac nɐ chicken; poultry; hide tʂini fish, shrimp, water-bound animals phɛini parent ʐinɛ foot of a mountain ni from The alveolar fricative /s/ is followed by the high level tone articulated in modal voice. ] The alveolar fricative /z/ is followed by the medial level tone in modal voice. zo he, she, it zibuzu get angry zi’nɐ leopard zukhɐ corner zɛzɛ point, tip The breathy voiced /z’/ is pronounced as [z] in the low falling tone.

The unvoiced retroflex affricate initials /tʂ/ and /tʂh/ are followed by the high level tone in modal voice. The voiced initial /dʐ/ is followed by the medial level tone in modal voice. The low falling tone follows the breathy voiced initial /dʐ’/. g. tɐ ‘tiger’, thɐ ‘the prohibitive marker’, dɐ ‘big’ and d’ɐχin ‘distant’. The unvoiced and unaspirated alveolar /t/ is followed by the high level tone in modal voice. ] ɕitəsɐŋ springtime tɐntə summer jɔtə autumn guɐntə winter tu poison The aspirated alveolar /th/ is also followed by the high level tone in modal voice.

Dzɔ dzo (offspring of a bull and a female yak), yak dzi blood; supper dzɐŋmu copper dzo᾽wu bucket The alveolar affricate in breathy voice is represented as /dz’/ and is followed by the low-falling tone. g. pɐ ‘hold’, phɐ ‘pig’, bɐ ‘develop’ and b’ɐ ‘burst’. The unvoiced and unaspirated bilabial plosive /p/ is followed by the high level tone in modal voice. pɐ hold pɐ̃ government official pɐŋ heat in fire ɐpu grandfather khɐpɐ mouth ʐipu hair ʂɐpɛi saliva ʨiuputsi (bigger) millet pu’ wu wild dog sɐnpu tree pɐɲi glacier, ice pɐpɐ skin, bark, peel gəpɛi sorghum dɛpɛi one person 46 CHAPTER 2 The aspirated voiceless bilabial plosive /ph/ is also followed by the high level tone in modal voice.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.79 of 5 – based on 49 votes