By Andrey Yury Filchenko
A reference grammar of the endangered indigenous japanese Khanty dialects of Vasyugan and Alexandrovo of the Uralic language relations has been constructed. The research bases at the corpus of average narrative discourse, and is determined in a basic cognitive-functional, usage-based version of language. the outline addresses the most styles of the jap Khanty language process and provides a few typological contextualization of the reviewed language info. the outline covers the problems in phonology, word-classes, morphology, syntax and semantics of straightforward and complicated clauses. within the sector of phonology, such systematic positive aspects as strong backness vowel concord and consonant-vowel concord are analyzed within the articulatory gesture framework. Morphologically, the process is agglutinating with suffixation dominant in derivation and inflection. Syntactically, japanese Khanty styles as a regular SOV language. Occasional non-prototypical positive factors contain non-canonical argument marking alongside ergative trend opposed to the overall heritage of Nom-Acc approach of GR association. In mapping of the pragmatic functions---to semantic roles---to grammatical family, japanese Khanty exhibits robust choice in the direction of Topic-initiality, as a rule mapped onto Agent semantic position. This choice continues to be dominant in detransitivisation operations, the place the prototypical mapping is altered in the direction of Topic-Target-S that typically has to do with the parenthetical demotion of pragmatic prestige of the Agent referent and advertising of the non-Agent. research of japanese Khanty complicated clauses finds strong use of finite and non-finite (participial, infinitival and converbial) structures as relative, adverbial and supplement clauses in typologically universal recommendations of clause-linking. conventional discrete differentiation into subordinate and coordinate varieties in accordance with morphosyntactic standards appears to be like insufficient, divorced from the structural variety of the saw complicated clauses. Cognitive-functional process is used in its place, implying a common means of construal of associated occasions, beautiful to cognitive kin among states-of-affairs, instead of specific structural ability. This ends up in a continuum of combinable positive aspects finding each one clause when it comes to both the subordinate or coordinate prototypes. Clause-linkage concepts are concerning the pragmatic differentiation of data in utterances, with pragmatics, details structuring points being on the center of the excellence among the subordination and coordination.
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Extra resources for A grammar of Eastern Khanty
1991. The Yimas Language of New Guinea. Stanford CA: Stanford University Press. Foley, William. 2007. Toward a typology of information packaging in the clause. ), 362–446. Cambridge: CUP. Foley, W. , Robert D. 1984. Functional Syntax and Universal Grammar. Cambridge: CUP. Franklin, Karl J. 1971. A grammar of Kewa, New Guinea. Pacific Linguistics C16. Genetti, Carol. 2005. The participial construction of Dolakhā Newar: Syntactic implications of an Asian converb. Studies in Language 29(1): 35–87.
2005. Exploring the Syntax-Semantics Interface. Cambridge: CUP. Capturing particulars and universals in clause linkage A multivariate analysis* Balthasar Bickel University of Leipzig Cross-linguistic variation in adjoined clause linkage is higher than what is allowed by universal concepts like ‘coordination’ or ‘subordination’ which entail sets of strictly correlated properties. This chapters uses statistical techniques to uncover probabilistic correlations and clusters in a pilot database. For this, a set of variables is developed that ranges in coverage from the scope of illocutionary force operators to extraction constraints and that allows both detailed qualitative analysis of language-specific clause linkage structures and large-scale quantified measurement of the similarities of such structures within and between languages.
Verbs in medial clauses are commonly stripped down inflectionally in comparison to final verbs, as a reflection of this scope dependency. But, in fact, the inflectional I categories of the verb of the final clause do not belong to it, but rather to the structure as a whole, as in (15); they merely appear on the final verb in the sentence because it is the closest verb capable of hosting them. The verb of the final clause is actually at the same level as all those medial verbs preceding it; more precisely, it is just one more dependent verb which takes its I feature specifications from the dominant IP node projected by the I head of the whole sentence.