Download A Concise Grammar for English Language Teachers by Tony Penston PDF

By Tony Penston

A Concise Grammar for English Language academics - это новая редакция очень популярной грамматики A Grammar path for TEFL certificates. Эта книга является, пожалуй, единственно действительно удобной грамматикой для преподавателей английского языка .... находка для тех, кто раньше «боялся» английской грамматики. Ясно и четко рассматривает проблемные моменты, с которыми обычно сталкиваются учителя, например, распознавание времен и их употребление, условия, вспомогательные глаголы, относительные предложения и т.д.
Включает в себя множество заметок к преподаванию с практическими рекомендациями, а также раздел, посвященный анализу и коррекции ошибок, демонстрирует использование доски и парной-работы. Если вы совершенствуете свой английский самостоятельно или на заочных курсах - это пособие будет очень полезным для вас.

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B. The customer got sold a car. (Siewierska 1 984: 1 32) The third property characterizing the get-passive is that, as opposed to the be-passive, it does not seem to be fully productive:4 Note, however, that verbs that do not normally have transitive counterparts can form the get-passive (see Arce-Arenales 1 994: 15): 4 (i) He got fogged in. b . *The weather fogged him in. c. The cotton balls got decayed. d. *The bad weather decayed the cotton balls. a. i�IPassiv4e;' As; " Siewierska ( 1 984: 1 61 ) notes, the get-passives " dc,sc:nb1e,: 'e�ents .

I) means that the result is hard to attain: 3 (i) J didn't get the key in the lock. Non-canonical passives 1 5 . ' . of get is manifested by a series of criteria that �:gJ@J·�e . g. auxiliaries and lexical verbs. iJi that it shows an atypical behavior for �\t()fji;l�rlte""t's, including negation contraction and . . ' �g�t;;tqIJ���WVVas,he:kmed/*Got he killed. ;�;��t killed/*He gotn't killed. 'jJ):f":WJllat. :e,been described in the literature . j:lte pr:operties of the get-passive . ving aside the issue of the appropriate register (spoken vs.

This is appears to b e due to its perfectivity which points to the future - which is what perfectives usually do. Think of the fact that Russian budu 'become' forms future expressions only by embedding i�perfective verbs. Infinitival perfective embeddings are excluded in Russian. Think also of the diachronic evidence, respectively the lack thereof, that Middle High German (MHO) modals (usually pre-werden sculan 'shall') expressing future temporality sided with imperfective verbs only. MHG perfective predicates expressed temporal futurity when used in the present in themselves in the first place.

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