By Tony Penston
A Concise Grammar for English Language academics - это новая редакция очень популярной грамматики A Grammar path for TEFL certificates. Эта книга является, пожалуй, единственно действительно удобной грамматикой для преподавателей английского языка .... находка для тех, кто раньше «боялся» английской грамматики. Ясно и четко рассматривает проблемные моменты, с которыми обычно сталкиваются учителя, например, распознавание времен и их употребление, условия, вспомогательные глаголы, относительные предложения и т.д.
Включает в себя множество заметок к преподаванию с практическими рекомендациями, а также раздел, посвященный анализу и коррекции ошибок, демонстрирует использование доски и парной-работы. Если вы совершенствуете свой английский самостоятельно или на заочных курсах - это пособие будет очень полезным для вас.
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Approved writing sort conventions swap very slowly, yet they do swap. that's all of the extra the reason for this is that this favourite reference booklet for college kids, writers, and educators calls for periodic updating. during this re-creation, the authors evaluate the basics of right sentence constitution, then current twenty simple sentence styles that surround almost each powerful means of writing easy, compound, and intricate sentences.
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B. The customer got sold a car. (Siewierska 1 984: 1 32) The third property characterizing the get-passive is that, as opposed to the be-passive, it does not seem to be fully productive:4 Note, however, that verbs that do not normally have transitive counterparts can form the get-passive (see Arce-Arenales 1 994: 15): 4 (i) He got fogged in. b . *The weather fogged him in. c. The cotton balls got decayed. d. *The bad weather decayed the cotton balls. a. i�IPassiv4e;' As; " Siewierska ( 1 984: 1 61 ) notes, the get-passives " dc,sc:nb1e,: 'e�ents .
I) means that the result is hard to attain: 3 (i) J didn't get the key in the lock. Non-canonical passives 1 5 . ' . of get is manifested by a series of criteria that �:gJ@J·�e . g. auxiliaries and lexical verbs. iJi that it shows an atypical behavior for �\t()fji;l�rlte""t's, including negation contraction and . . ' �g�t;;tqIJ���WVVas,he:kmed/*Got he killed. ;�;��t killed/*He gotn't killed. 'jJ):f":WJllat. :e,been described in the literature . j:lte pr:operties of the get-passive . ving aside the issue of the appropriate register (spoken vs.
This is appears to b e due to its perfectivity which points to the future - which is what perfectives usually do. Think of the fact that Russian budu 'become' forms future expressions only by embedding i�perfective verbs. Infinitival perfective embeddings are excluded in Russian. Think also of the diachronic evidence, respectively the lack thereof, that Middle High German (MHO) modals (usually pre-werden sculan 'shall') expressing future temporality sided with imperfective verbs only. MHG perfective predicates expressed temporal futurity when used in the present in themselves in the first place.