Download A Concise English-Interlingua Dictionary + Short Interlingua by Woodruff W. Bryne + British Interlingua Society PDF

By Woodruff W. Bryne + British Interlingua Society

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What is intended by those who have used the term “thetic sentence” to describe the there-sentence (and other sentence forms) is therefore different from the feature-placing analysis developed here, on a number of counts. Firstly, existential there-sentences are only a small subset of the sentences that have been argued to be thetic; other types of thetic sentences may indeed be of subject–predicate form, but that is not at issue in the present work. Secondly, as mentioned above, the claim here is that the existential there-sentence does not involve predication in the sense it is ordinarily understood, as the saturation of a predicate by an argument that picks out an individual.

166) This statement hints at the second route to truth that I identify in this study, inasmuch as the logical form and truth conditions of the there-sentence have different ontological commitments. On the side of logical form, the feature-placing sentence makes no commitment to the existence of an object; it merely contributes the conditions the object produced must satisfy for truth. On the side of truth conditions, on the other hand, there is a commitment to an object: the sentence is true if there is an object with the relevant features where it is said to be.

He shows this through an analysis of passive and active counterparts of a single sentence: 1. The Greeks defeated the Persians at Plataea. 2. The Persians were defeated by the Greeks at Plataea. Frege asks why the positions for subject and predicate (including the object) should be distinguished for their logical significance (as in the syllogisms) when they can be freely reversed without a change in meaning. He writes: “If one says of the subject that it ‘is the concept with which the judgment is concerned,’ this is equally true of the object” (12).

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